Hernia is caused when the inner layers of the abdominal wall have weakened which results in a bulge or a tear. As a fall out of this inner tube pushes through the damaged tire and the inner lining of the abdomen pushes the weakened area of the abdominal wall to form a balloon like sac.
This makes the intestine to loop or result in a tear of abdominal tissue. The weakening of the tissue may occur due to natural weakness, heavy lifting, persistent coughing, straining with bowel movements or urination.
Both men and women are susceptible to this condition, some may have it from birth and some may develop it over a period of time.
The different types of hernia are as follows:
There are various avenues of treatment available and depending on the medical history of the patient the surgeon may recommend what’s needed. If surgery is not suitable for the patient the doctor may recommend a ‘Truss’; a ‘truss’ is a belt that holds the hernia allowing the patient to continue with his daily chores. In other cases the doctor might recommend either open or minimally invasive approaches.
Open Surgery for Hernia is one of the open surgical approaches that is employed to remove the hernia.
The surgery is carried out under the influence of local or general anesthesia and incisions of 6 to 8cms are made in the groin region. Through the incisions that are made the hernia is removed with the help of surgical equipment; to strengthen the abdominal walls the surgeon might place a synthetic mesh and sew the region. After this the incisions are sealed using surgical glue or staples.
The open surgery for removing different types of hernias is as follows:
The recovery time in an open procedure is longer than a laparoscopic procedure and it takes around 3 to 4 weeks to recover from an open surgery.
The wounds are deeper and hence require proper post-surgery care. The patient is advised to take good care about the dressing for the wounds because an infection might result in complications.
The doctor also monitors the patient’s progress regularly and the patient is advised to take complete bed rest for 15 days post-surgery.
Lifting anything heavy, jarring movements, driving and strenuous physical activity should be strictly avoided for 6 weeks.