In a normal pregnancy when the sperm and the egg meet after which fertilization takes place in the fallopian tube. The egg moves to the uterus after 4 to 5 days, where it attaches itself and continues to grow for the next nine months, but if the egg gets implanted in a fallopian tube or somewhere else in the abdomen then this condition is called ectopic pregnancy which needs Laparoscopic ectopic pregnancy Surgery immediately.
There multiple reasons for ectopic pregnancy to occur they are as follows:
The symptoms of ectopic pregnancy are:
If a person experiences a lot of pain, has lightheadedness, bleeding and cramping it is better to approach a doctor.
How is Laparoscopic ectopic pregnancy surgery carried out?
There are two types of Laparoscopic procedures which are employed in treating this condition : Salpingostomy and salpingectomy.
In Salpingostomy surgery the ectopic pregnancy is removed and the tube is left to heal.
In Salpingectomy both the tube and the ectopic pregnancy are removed.
Procedure: A general anesthesia will be administered to the patient and as a result the patient will be asleep during the surgery.
Once the patient is asleep the process begins by making incisions near the belly button and a small device is inserted which is called a port; it creates an opening that will be filled with gas (carbon dioxide) in the abdomen region.
Then a small camera is inserted through a port in order to see the organs properly, once proper visibility is achieved more ports are inserted through which instruments go through, Fallopian tube is examined and ectopic pregnancy is located which are then slowly separated using instruments. Some amount of bleeding may occur at this point and measures will be taken by the doctors to prevent blood loss by keeping a constant supply of blood; only ectopic pregnancy is removed if it’s Salpingostomy and in salpingectomy both tube and pregnancy are removed.
The stay at the hospital will last for 4 to 5 days, since the procedure involves operating upon a sensitive body part.
The incisions made during the surgery will heal over a month or so.
The patient will be prescribed with multivitamin and iron tablets.
There will be weekly checkups to monitor the condition of the patient and they might be required to undergo various tests.
The surgery involves small incisions which take very less time to heal and as a result the patient can return back to normal life within no time, when compared to an open surgery.
The surgery also leaves minimal scars.
One might feel nauseated post-surgery, this might be due to the anesthesia administered for the purpose of the surgery.
Post-surgery one might feel shoulder pain because of the gas that was pumped in during the surgery, which will go away within 48 hours.
The doctor will advise the patient to follow a balanced diet which has a lot of green leafy vegetables and iron rich food.
Doctor Kiran K J has 17 years of experience under his belt, in sensitive operations like these, experience at the operation table matters a lot because experience helps out in having a dynamic approach during a crunch situation at the operation table.