Gastrointestinal
tumor surgery (GIST tumors)

What are gist tumors?

Gastrointestinal tumors are uncommon malignant growths that start with special cells in the digestive tract.

How are gist tumors diagnosed?

They are diagnosed using imaging scans like CT scan and MRI scan.

What are the symptoms of

gist tumors?

Following are the symptoms of the gist tumors:

  • Severe pain and discomfort in the abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bleeding and blood in the stools
  • Anemia
  • Blood in the vomit
  • Improper bowel movements
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue and weight loss in some cases

How can they be

treated?

The avenue of treatment available for treating them is surgery, which is either carried out in an open or a minimally invasive method. These are known as GI surgeries.

What is gastrointestinal

surgery?

A gastrointestinal surgery is performed on the parts of the body involved in digestion. This may include stomach, esophagus, small and large intestine and rectum. It may be performed to remove cancerous growth or damaged parts of the above mentioned body parts.

What is Laparoscopic

GI surgery?

The application of a Laparoscope in the surgery by inserting it through small incisions made near the abdomen area and then operating upon the required part is called Laparoscopic GI surgery. This type of surgery is called minimally invasive surgery.

Following are the conditions that are treated through this method:

  • Appendicitis (Appendectomy)
  • Colon cancer and other gastrointestinal cancers
  • Gallbladder related diseases
  • Diverticular disease
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernias
  • Hernia
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis)
  • Rectal prolapse
  • Bariatric surgeries are also performed through this approach

How is the procedure

carried out?

A general anesthesia will be administered to the patient and as a result he/she will be asleep during the surgery.

Once the patient is asleep the process begins by making incisions near the belly button and a small device is inserted which is called a port; it creates an opening that will be filled with gas (carbon dioxide) in the abdomen region.

Through these incisions a Laparoscope (a Laparoscope is a small instrument with a narrow tube which has light source and camera at the end of the tube) is inserted and using the Laparoscope’s video camera the surgeon is able to locate the affected body part and through the other incisions that are made the damaged/affected part is removed with the help of surgical equipment; after this the incisions are sealed using a surgical glue or staples.

How is the procedure

carried out?

A general anesthesia will be administered to the patient and as a result he/she will be asleep during the surgery.

Once the patient is asleep the process begins by making incisions near the belly button and a small device is inserted which is called a port; it creates an opening that will be filled with gas (carbon dioxide) in the abdomen region.

Through these incisions a Laparoscope (a Laparoscope is a small instrument with a narrow tube which has light source and camera at the end of the tube) is inserted and using the Laparoscope’s video camera the surgeon is able to locate the affected body part and through the other incisions that are made the damaged/affected part is removed with the help of surgical equipment; after this the incisions are sealed using a surgical glue or staples.

What are the advantages of

this surgery?

The surgery involves small incisions which take very less time to heal and as a result the patient can return back to normal life within no time.

How long does it take to

recover?

The recovery time for Laparoscopic surgeries is very less and one can return to normal life within days of surgery, but they should avoid heavy lifting. The soreness after the surgery lasts for 48 hours and it can extend up to weeks depending upon the individual.

If the patient is fine and the pain is less, then he is discharged immediately and follow up checkup is held every 7 to 10 days post discharge.

If the pain in the incisional area persists the doctor will advise bed rest for a week.

One might feel nauseated post-surgery, this might be due to anesthesia administered for the purpose of the surgery.

Post-surgery one might feel shoulder pain because of the gas that was pumped in during the surgery, which will go away within 48 hours.

How should one prepare for

the procedure?

If you have a prior medical condition and you are taking medicines prescribed by a doctor please make sure you inform the surgeon beforehand.

If you have a habit of smoking you will be advised to stop smoking a few weeks prior to the date of the operation as smoking may result in other complications or may cause infections resulting in failure of the procedure. Quitting smoking enhances the chances of success.

When to call a doctor if complications occur

post-surgery?

If one feels nauseated, develops fever, bleeding occurs through the incisions, inability to urinate etc; under these circumstances it is better to get in touch with the doctor who performed the operation.

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